Duck-raising and balut production are often related to Pateros and other bayside locations. Inland duck raising can be as successful as riverside duck-raising, particularly with some duck varieties that prefer land to water.Ducks are easier to raise than chickens; they gain weight quickly and are more resistant to ill and disease.They might raised commercial for their eggs, to produce the ever popular balut, or for their meat made well-known by roast Peking duck.Varieties.The native or Pateros duck known as Itik is the most popular in your area since

it used for the balut industry. Although smaller than imported breeds, they lays eggs regularly but do not hatch them. Hence, they are called non-sitters. They are black and gray in color, while some are disallowed bulek). Others are brown or have actually white plume blended with black. the male itik can be quickly identified due to the fact that its head is coarser and its body much heavier than the female’s. They discharge screeching and high-pitched noises, while females release low-pitched quacking sounds. Males also have curly feather on top of their tails, while the female tail plume lie flat or near to their bodies.The Khaki Camphell duck, an incredibly active type, does not swim often and swim typically and lays as many as 300 or more eggs in a year.The Peking duck is raised for its meat.

It is frequently mistake for goose because its body stands upright. It is reasonably docile and is a great layer. They are commercial at 2 to 3 months old.Another range is

the Muscovy duck, easily recognized by the small “bulges”on its face, the red swellings along the eyes and above the base of the costs. Understood as the pato genuine or bibe, it is heavy and plump with yellow skin.

Due to the fact that its flesh is of greater quality than the average duck, it is best for house intake and for marketing. Muscovy likewise choose to stay on land, feeling on any plants. Thus, they need less care. Their feeding need just be supplement with palay or corn. Breeders, however, complain that this variety repeatedly roams away from its reproducing place. To correct this problem, the flight feather is on of its wings must be clipped frequently to prevent it from staying so far.The Muscovy duck has 3 varieties: The white, the colored and the club blue.Housing. Provide shelter for ducks in groups and different them according to age.A native duck home can be made from bamboo and nipa– on a space with three sides closed. A portion of the front side is left open as a door. The ought to be developed dealing with the lake or

river and ought to be high adequate to let a guy stand inside. A hundred ducks will require a house 4 by 4 meters and 3 meters high.Cover the earth flooring with tidy rice hull or straw 3 to 4 inches thick. Ensure it is much greater than the

surrounding ground.Separate ducks pens from one another by bamboo fences low enough for caretaker to transfer from one to another. The fence must extend to confine the water’s shallow edge to prevent the ducks from wandering off too far.If the ducks are to be raised where there is no body of water, provide a little pond where they can swim and get exercise.Feeding troughs should be provided big enough to prevent the scattering of food.Provide litters 3 to 5 inches deep on the floor to take in wetness. For young ducklings, utilize rice hull or

litter due to the fact that it absorbs wetness faster and does not contend duckling’s feet. Change liter as frequently as possible to prevent illness and parasites. When the surface litter ends up being filthy and moist, rake it to expose and dry the wet portion.Breeding.

Select only energetic ducks for reproducing when they are about eight weeks old, and then again at 4 and 5 months old, prior to putting them in breeding pens. Drakes or male ducks must be raised separately from female ducks.

Mate them when they are at least 7 months old to make sure excellent offspring. Drakes must be the exact same age or a months older than the females ducks. One drake might be mated to 6 to 10 ducks.In the case of non-setters, their eggs may be hatched by a setting hen, at a minimum of eight duck eggs in one setting. Everytime the hen leaves the nest, sprinkle the eggs with lukewarm water due to the fact that duck eggs require a little moisture.Itik eggs hatch in 28 days
, The bibe or Muscovy can hatch 12 to 15 of its own eggs in one being in about 33 days. For massive duck-raising, the eggs of non-sitters such as itik will require a large incubation hut or hatchery called the balutan. This may be an easy one-room house made of bamboo and nipa. The floor ought to be air of tough 8, its wall near to avoid drafts of air. An opening must be left for the door.Eggs for hatching need to be thick-shelled, fair in size, and not older than 5 days. Check them by snapping your fingers hard enough on the shell. Eggs with shells that break easily must not be included.Place the duck eggs in the balutan inside abaca fabric bags in batches of 100 to 125 eggs

each. Position them in deep bamboo basket incubators, a maximum of ten layers of eggs bags in one basket.Beforehand, heat bags of palay in iron barrel(kawa for one whole day to a temperature of about 43 o C(109 o F). Then, place these bags between the bamboo basket incubators.Leave the eggs in the balutan for 28 days. After 20 days, the palay bags require not be heated up anymore.when using a kerosene or electrical incubator for hatching, maintain a temperature of 100 o F and a humidity of 55 to 60 percent.

A pan of water maintaineded at the bottom of the incubators will kept keep the best humidity.Do not hatch duck and chicken eggs in one incubator.During the incubation duration, turn the eggs a minimum of 3 to 4 times a day to make them more”hatchable.

“After 28 days, store the hatching eggs in a cool space and position them in airy baskets or trays. Clean them with a somewhat moist rag. Then, await them to hatch.Care of ducklings.

Raising duckling is almost just like raising chicks, other than that the former grows much faster. Ducklings begin eating one day after hatching.After eliminating them from the incubators, transfer them into boxes in a draft-free and rat-proof space. If boxes are not offered, raise them on straw-covered floorings or woven bamboo mats or sawali

. Provide them with heat during the very first week and during winter. Use electric bulbs or kerosene lamps.Determining the sex. Press the area of the crop inward and with two fingers, press the vent slightly outward. The male organ will extend, while that the woman

will stay flat.Feeding. Mash feed for duckling is usually composed of corn, soybean meal, fish meal, dried whey, rice bran with oyster shell and bone meal with vitamin mineral supplements.Feed the duckling

with wet starter mash eight weeks, or moistened boiled rice for the very first 3 weeks, 4 or 5 times a day. Start giving water in drinking troughs on the 2nd day.On the 5th day,add finely chopped small shrimps to the boiled rice. Increase their feed as the duckling grow older.At the age of one month, feed them with tiny fresh water snails and boiled unhulled rice or palay.Give just enough feed to be taken in quickly as they have the tendency to ruin when the left long in the troughs.After the 5th week, provide green feed such as finely chopped camote leaves and kang kong 3 time a day.Processed pellets for ducks are available in the market. They are composed of the essential feeding nutrients, S T A R T E R A T I O N(For duck 1 day to 6 weeks old )Yellow groundcorn ……
.40%1st class rice bran … ….15%Copra meal … … … … 4.5%Soybean oil meal (44%)… … 20%Fish meal(50 %)… … … 10%Ipil-ipil leaf meal …… 5% Oyster shell powder …


1%Bone meal … … …… 1 %Salt … … … … ….0.5% G R O W E R A T I O N (For ducks more than 6 weeks old )Yellow ground corn …….45 %1st class rice bran … ….15% Copra meal …

… … … 4.5%Soybean oil meal (44%)… … 15 %Fish meal(50 %) … … … 10%Ipil-ipil leaf meal …… 5%Dried whey … … … … 2 %Oyster shell powder …… 1 %Bone meal … … ……

1% Salt … … … … ….0.5%L A Y E R A T I O N(For ducks in the egg-laying stage)Yellow corn …….40%rice bran … … … 20%Soybean oil meal( 44% ).10%Copra meal … … … 10%Fish meal(50% )… … 7.5%Ipil-ipil leaf meal … 5 %Oyster shell powder … 4%Bone meal … … … 1 %Salt … … … … 0.5% Care for manure ducks. Do not disrupt ducks unnecessarily especially

throughout egg production. Keep away canines and other roaming animals.Ducks normally eat grains, pest and green feeds. Do not enable spoiled feed within their reach to prevent poisoning.Although ducks are more resistant to illness than chickens, they are also susceptible to avian pest. Hence,

immunization is a good idea.
When they isolate themselves from
the flock and choose not to consume, remove them
at the same time. Keep them in separate confinement to avoid disease from spreading, Seek advice from a vet. It is best to provide prophylactic agent or
vaccine versus illness when ducks are still healthy as a preventative measure measure.Source: region10.dost.gov.ph Low Cost Feeds and Feeding Methods for Animals< a href=http://businessdiary.com.ph/2031/how-to-invest-in-the-philippine-stock-market/ target=_ blank > The best ways to Purchase the Philippine Stock Exchange List of Philippine Celebrations for the month of May Cacao Production Guide Innovation Resource Center Training Arrange November 2012 Avocado Production Guide Duck Raising Guide Innovation Resource Center(TRC) Training Schedule … Ways to Start a Goat Raising Service Cabbage Production Guide

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